ЕГЭ по иностранным языкам (демонстрационный вариант 2013 г.)

Пояснения к ЕГЭ
Раздел 1. Аудирование
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Раздел 4. Письмо
Раздел 5. Тексты для аудирования
Раздел 6. Ответы

Раздел 2. Чтение



Установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами A–G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний. 

1. Travel memories      2. Animal lover magazine     3. Travel to stars            4. Star dreams      
5. Popular hobby  
       6. Family magazine               7. People and nature      8. Animals in danger

A.    Most people who spend a holiday travelling take a camera with them and photograph anything that interests them - sights of a city, views of mountains, lakes, waterfalls, men and women, children, ruins of ancient buildings, and even birds and animals. Later looking through their albums they will remember the happy time they have had, the islands, countries and cities they have seen.
B.    Of course, different people dream of different things. Someone wishes a calm and quiet life; others imagine their life as a never-ending adventure. The majority dream of something concrete: a villa in some warm place, an account in a Swiss bank, a splendid car... It’s interesting to know what the dreams of people who already have all this are. Celebrities, as we know, never hide their unusual hobbies, and often shock us with their extravagant behaviour.
C.     It is Junior Baseball Magazine’s mission to provide information that enhances the youth baseball experience for the entire family. The player improves his skills and is more successful. The family enjoys the activity more and shares this precious time in their life. Junior Baseball emphasizes good sportsmanship, safety, physical fitness and wholesome family values.
D.     The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison like industrial, nuclear and chemical waste. The Mediterranean Sea is already nearly dead; the North Sea is following it. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas. Every ten minutes one species of animal, plant or insect dies out forever.
E.     Lots of people all over the world enjoy collecting stamps. Stamps are like little pictures. Very often they show the flowers or the trees which grow in this or that country, or they can show different kinds of transport of the country. Stamps may also have portraits of famous people on them. Some stamps show art work from the history of the country.
F.      “Friend” is the title of my favourite magazine. It consists of 70 pages, with lots of colourful and bright pictures and provides interesting and useful information for people who love animals. The magazine includes numerous articles devoted to various topics connected with domestic animals, ways to take care of them, pet food, animal health and many other topics crucial for any animal lover.
G.      People are beginning to realize that environmental problems are not just somebody else’s. Many people join and support various international organizations and green parties. What could be more important than human life? Polluted air, poisoned water, wastelands, noise, smoke - all these influence not only nature but people as well. Everything should be done to improve ecological conditions on our planet.






Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А–F частями предложений, обозначеннъши цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.


Mobile phones

      On New Year’s Day, 1985, Michael Harrison phoned his father, Sir Ernest, to wish him a happy new year. Sir Ernest was chairman of Racal Electronics, the owner of Vodafone, A                               .
       At the time, mobile phones weighed almost a kilogram, cost several thousand pounds and provided only 20 minutes talktime. The networks themselves were small; Vodafone had just a dozen masts covering London. Nobody had any idea of the huge potential of wireless communication and the dramatic impact  В                                     . 
       Hardly anyone believed there would come a day when mobile phones were so popular С                                    . But in 1999 one mobile phone was sold in the UK every four seconds, and by 2004 there were more mobile phones in the UK than people. The boom was a result of increased competition which pushed prices lower and created innovations in the way that mobiles were sold.
       When the government introduced more competition, companies started cutting prices to attract more customers. Cellnet, for example, changed its prices, D                               . It also introduced local call tariffs.
       The way that handsets themselves were marketed was also changing and it was Finland’s Nokia who made E                             . In the late 1990s Nokia realized that the mobile phone was a fashion item: so it offered interchangeable covers which allowed you to customize and personalize your handset.
       The mobile phone industry has spent the later part of the past decade reducing its monthly charge F                            , which has culminated in the fight between the iPhone and a succession of touch screen rivals.

1. trying to persuade people to do more with their phones than just call and text
2. that there would be more phones in the UK than there are people
3. and relying instead on actual call charges
4. that mobile phones would have over the next quarter century
5. the leap from phones as technology to phones as fashion items
6. and his son was making the first-ever mobile phone call in the UK
7. the move to digital technology, connecting machines to wireless networks




  Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15–А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.



       Llandudno is truly a fine and handsome place, built on a generously proportioned bay and lined along its broad front with a huddle of prim but gracious nineteenth-century hotels that reminded me in the fading light of a lineup of Victorian nannies. Llandudno was purpose-built as a resort in the mid-1800s, and it cultivates a nice old-fashioned air. I don’t suppose that Lewis Carroll, who famously strolled this front with little Alice Liddell in the 1860s, would notice a great deal of change today.
       To my consternation, the town was packed with weekending pensioners. Buses from all over were parked along the side streets, every hotel I called at was full, and in every dining room I could see crowds - veritable oceans - of nodding white heads spooning soup and conversing happily. Goodness knows what had brought them to the Welsh seaside at this bleak time of year.
        Farther on along the front there stood a clutch of guesthouses, large and virtually indistinguishable, and a few of them had vacancy signs in their windows. I had eight or ten to choose from, which always puts me in a mild fret because I have an unerring instinct for choosing badly. My wife can survey a row of guesthouses and instantly identify the one run by a white-haired widow with a fondness for children, and sparkling bathroom facilities, whereas I can generally count on choosing the one run by a guy with a grasping manner, and the sort of cough that makes you wonder where he puts the phlegm. Such, I felt, would be the case tonight.
       All the guesthouses had boards out front listing their many amenities - COLOUR TV, HOSPITALITY TRAYS, FULL CENTRAL HEATING, and the coyly euphemistic EN SUITE ALL ROOMS, meaning private bathrooms. One place offered satellite TV and a trouser press, and another boasted CURRENT FIRE CERTIFICATE - something I had never thought to look for in a B&B. All this heightened my sense of unease and doom. How could I possibly choose intelligently among such a variety of options?
       I selected a place that looked reasonable enough from the outside - its board promised a color TV and coffee making facilities, about all I require these days for a Saturday night - but from the moment I set foot in the door I knew it was a bad choice. I was about to turn and flee when the owner emerged from a back room and stopped my retreat with an unenthusiastic “Yes?” A short conversation revealed that a single room with breakfast was for ?19.50. It was entirely out of the question that I would stay the night in such a dismal place at such an exorbitant price, so I said, “That sounds fine,” and signed in. Well, it’s so hard to say no.
      My room was everything I expected it to be - cold and cheerless with laminated furniture, grubbily matted carpet, and those mysterious ceiling stains that bring to mind a neglected corpse in the room above. There was a tray of coffee things but the cups were disgusting, and the spoon was stuck to the tray. The bathroom, faintly illuminated by a distant light activated by a length of string, had curling floor tiles and years of accumulated dirt packed into every corner. I peered at the yellowy tile around the bath and sink and realized what the landlord did with his phlegm. A bath was out of the question, so I threw some cold water on my face, dried it with a towel that had the texture of shredded wheat, and gladly took my leave.


   Llandudno is described as a   1) fashionable 19th century resort.   2) beautiful growing resort.  
    3) place where Lewis Carroll lived.     4) place famous for its comfortable hotels.


   The phrase “veritable oceans” in paragraph 2 refers to    1) hotel dining rooms.    2) hotel guests wearing white hats.
   3) old people dining in cafes.    4) buses crowded with old Welsh people.


   When choosing a guesthouse the narrator was worried because he   1) wasn’t good at making the right choice.
   2) could not find a place run by a kind old widow.   3) did not know what to look for.   4) missed his wife for help.


   The narrator thought that the choice of a guesthouse used to be easier because    1) all hotels had a private bathroom.
   2) there were fewer options on offer.    3) there were fewer guest houses.    4) they were all of B&B type.


   Why did the narrator agree to the room?    1) He felt sorry for the landlord.    2) He could not refuse the offer.
    3) It was really cheap.    4) There was a TV and a coffee maker.


    Why was the bath out of the question?   1) The water was too cold.    2) There was no hot water.   3) The bathtub was dirty.
     4) There was no light.


    What is the narrator’s attitude towards the room he stayed in?    1) Surprised.    2) Indifferent.   3) Positive.   4) Critical.

По окончании выполнения заданий В2, ВЗ и А15–А21 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1! Обратите внимание на то, что ответы на задания В2, ВЗ, А15–А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В2 и ВЗ цифры записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.