ГДЗ по английскому языку за 5 класс Верещагина И.Н., Афанасьева О.В.

Lesson 13

1.
Peter's breakfast consisted of eggs, a cup of coffee, bread, orange juice.
His lunch consisted of a plate of potatoes with meat, an apple, icecream, a hamburger and cheese.
His dinner consisted of kebab, a plate of soup, potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers and tea
2.
Pi: My breakfast consisted of porridge yesterday. (Mary)
P2: Mary said that her breakfast consisted of porridge yesterday.
Pi: My dinner consisted of soup and mutton. (John)
P2: John said that his dinner consisted of soup and mutton.
Pi: My lunch consisted of apples and ice-cream. (Nelly)
P2: Nelly said that her lunch consisted of apples and ice-cream.
Pi: My breakfast consisted of orange juice and a toast with jam. (Polly)
P2: Polly said that her breakfast consisted of orange juice and a toast with jam.
3.
The UK consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
4.
In Russia: Moscow, Omsk, Tula, Kursk
In the UK: London, Manchester, Liverpool
5.
I was surprised at his appearance.
I was surprised at her behaviour.
I was surprised at their words.
I was surprised at his remark.
I was surprised at her speech.
6.
My Dad was surprised when he saw me on a horse.
Peter was surprised when he saw me on a horse.
The brothers were surprised because their friends were not in.
Nell's cousin was surprised because she saw her Irish relative in Moscow.
Mrs Green was surprised because the door of her flat was open.
The Browns were surprised because their car wasn't in its usual place.
7.
Pi: an independent state.
P2: Russia is an independent state
Pi: a usual sign.
P2: Wind is the usual sigh of rain. Pi: a lonely man. P2: I'm not a lonely man. Pi: careful work.
P2: His work is usual very careful.
Pi: a careless driver.
P2: My father is not a careless driver.
Pi: a peaceful kingdom.
P2: Britain is a peaceful kingdom.
8.
1. Jane tells Mr Johnes to come again.
2. Peter says that they are always glad to see him.
3. Mary says that they are going to Wales in May.
4. John says he has written a story.
5. Betty says she will spend a month in Scotland.
6. Polly tells him not to forget to write them.
7. Richard says that his birthday is in three weeks.
8. David says he likes fruit very much, especially bananas.
11.
can, does, did, will, does, was, do, will
12.
Pi: I can ride a horse like a cowboy. P2: So can I.
P2: I will go to the seaside in summer. Pi: So will I.
Pi. I feel well. P2: So do I.
P2: I have a bicycle. Pi: So do I.
Pi: I was in St Petersburg. P2: So was I.
P2: I bought new shoes. Pi: So did I.
Pi: I like ice-cream. P2: So do I.
P2: I have done my homework. Pi: So have I.
Pi: I read this book. P2: So did I.
P2: I know this girl. Pi: So do I.
13.
Mr Brown wants to know what is the capital of the United Kingdom.
Mary wants to know if Scotland is an independent state.
Billy wants to know why his cousin is so careless.
The Davidsons want to know how many industrial cities there are in the North.
The teacher wants to know if we are going to Africa. 
The doctor wants to know how I feel.
15.
power, former, to elect, a law, a lawyer
16.
The washing machine belongs to Caroline.
The picture belongs to Caroline.
The vacuum cleaner belongs to Caroline.
The armchair belongs to Caroline.
The piano belongs to Caroline.
The flute belongs to Jim.
The guitar belongs to Jim.
The books belong to Jim.
The map belongs to Jim.
The ball belongs to Jim.
17.
Fish is included in it.
Sugar is included in it.
Oranges are included in it.
Bread is included in it.
Vegetables are not included in it.
Cheese is not included in it.
Butter is not included in it.
Apples are not included in it.
Meat is not included in it.
18.
1. John offers his Granny to water the poppies.
2. John offers his Granny to put the lilies in the vase.
3. John offers his Granny to clean the floor.
4. John offers his Granny to wash up.
19.
The football match was delayed because of the rain.
The football match was delayed because of the weather.
The football match was delayed because of the snow.
The football match was delayed because of the captain's illness.
The football match was delayed because of the players' coming late.
21.
                            Королева и парламент
        Достаточно трудно понять Британский способ управления страной. В Британии королева глава государства, но на самом деле королева символ истории страны и её традиций. Она очень богата. Она ездит по королевству, встречается с людьми и посещает школы, больницы и другие места. Так поступают все члены королевской семьи: муж королевы, её сын принц Чарльз, дочь королевы принцесса Анна и принцесса Маргарет.
         В начале столетия много стран по всему миру управлялись Британией. Все они входили в Британскую Империю и были её колониями. Индия, Пакистан, Цейлон, например, были среди них. Сейчас эти страны независимые государства. Но в 1949 году Британия и бывшие колонии образовали Содружество наций. Содружество включает много стран, таких как Ирландия, Канада, Австралия, Новая Зеландия и другие. Королева Британии является также и глава Содружества и королевой Канады, Австралии и Новой Зеландии.
        Реальная власть в стране принадлежит Британскому парламенту и Британскому правительству. Британский парламент состоит из двух палат: палаты лордов и палаты общин. У палаты лордов немного власти, но она очень важна, так как может предлагать и менять законы, она также может задерживать законы. Палата общин создаёт законы о политике страны, налогах и многих других вещах.
        Члены палаты лордов не выбираются. Это постоянные члены. Часто это аристократы, священники, юристы и бывшие политики.
        Членов палаты общин выбирают. Британцы выбирают 650 членов палаты общин каждые пять лет.
22.
1. The queen is the head of the state.
2. The queen doesn't rule the country.
3. She travels about the United Kingdom and meet people.
4. The Royal family consists of the Queen and her husband, her son Prince Charles, Princes Anna and Princess Margaret.
5. At the beginning of the century India, Pakistan, Ceylon were included in the British Empire.
6. In 1949 Britain and the former colonies founded the Commonwealth.
7. The real power in Britain belongs to the British Parliament and to the British Government.
8. The British Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
9. The House of Lords is very important because it can offer and change laws.
10 The British elect the House of Commons every five years.
23.
From the beginning of the text to the end of the first paragraph: The Royal family.
From the beginning of the second paragraph to the end of the second paragraph: The British Empire.
From the beginning of the third paragraph to the end of the text: The real power in Britain.
25.
       The Queen of Britain is the head of the country but in fact she doesn't rule the country. The Queen travels a lot all over the country. She is the symbol of the country history, its traditions.
       The British Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The members of the House of Lords are not elected. These members are permanent. But members of the House of Commons are elected.
26.
The state power in the UK belongs to the government and to the parliament. Though the head of the state is the Queen she doesn't rule the country.
27.
1. I like when it is snowing.

2. I like when it is warm.
3. Nick likes when his friends come over.
4. Ann likes when trees are in blossom.
5. we do not like when you receive such letters.
6. We do not like when they speak loud.
29.
        The head of the United Kingdom is the Queen but in fact she doesn't rule. At the beginning of the 20th century Britain had a lot of colonies. But now these countries are independent states. And in 1949 Britain founded the Commonwealth. The power belongs to the British Parliament and to the British Government. The British Parliament consists of two «Houses»: The House of Lords and the House of Commons. The members of the House of Lords are not elected. They are permanent. The members of the House of Commons are elected. The British people elect 650 members of the House of Commons every five years.

Lesson 14

1.
Verbs: to belong, to sign, to include, to elect, to consist, to offer, to delay, to be surprised
Nouns: a kingdom, power, a state, an industry, a law, a lawyer
Adjectives: royal, industrial, careful, permanent, former
Adverbs: carefully, lonely, especially
2.
It is out of your power to change the laws.
It is in his power to offer his help.
It is in their power to change the life of people.
It is out of her power to help the government.
It is out of her power to change the plan.
It is in our power to help the lawyer.
3.
The Royal family isn't very big.
In former days the British Empire was very big.
The House of Lords can offer and delay laws.
The British elect the members of the House of Commons every five years.
4.
It is out of his power to help the poor.
It is out of her power to help the government because the power doesn't belong to her.
A lawyer can be a member of the House of Lords. The members of the House of Lords are permanent. The British Empire included a lot of countries.
5.
What belongs to him?
Whom did he offer it?
Why was it delayed?
6.
Mary says that sometimes her Dad does. She says that he likes to travel by car very much.
David is interested where they usually go.
Mary says that they often go to the mountains. She says that they are going to the Oka soon. She invites David to come with them.
David says that hed love to.
10.
1. You speak quietly.
2. You eat slowly.
3. You play in the street.
4. You put your fingers in your mouth.
5. You sit when somebody is talking.
6. You speak loudly
7. You say «Thank you» when you get a compliment.
11.
1. Do it either today or tomorrow.
2. Buy either apples or oranges.
3. He will be either a lawyer or a scientist.
4. Either my sisters or my brother are going to offer them help.
5. Either my brothers or my cousins will continue this work.
13.
way, seldom, hardly ever, dull, knowledge
14.
You shouldn't show off.
You should get deep knowledge.
You shouldn't offend people.
You shouldn't lie.
You should look respectable.
You should have a sense of humour.
15.
You should put a spoon and a fork for desert in front of the plate.
You should put a glass to the right of the plate.
You should put a bread or a cheese knife to the right of the plate near with a big knife for meat or fish.
You should put a soup spoon to the right of the plate near with the bread or cheese knife.
17.
                                     Британский образ жизни
         В течение четырёх лет изучения английского вы уже много узнали об этом языке и людях, которые на нём говорят. Вот некоторые сведения о Британии, если вы хотите сравнить образ жизни в этой стране и на континенте.
         В Англии многие вещи происходят наоборот. На континенте люди редко говорят о погоде. Если они всё же говорят о погоде, то это означает, что им нечего больше обсудить. В Англии, если вы не повторяете фразу «Сегодня славный день, не правда ли?» двести раз в день, люди удивляются и думают, что вы очень скучный человек. На континенте воскресные газеты выходят в понедельник; в Англии (страну действительно трудно понять) они выходят в воскресенье. На континенте некоторые люди любят кошек, другие нет, но в Англии кошки очень особенные животные. Все их любят и заботятся о них.
        На континенте люди гордятся тем, что они знают. Они пытаются показать свои знания и часто цитируют греческих и латинских писателей. В Англии только те, кто не знает их или не читал их, делает это.
        Вы можете обидеть человека с континента во многих случаях, например, если будете смеяться над ним или шутить над его жизнью или работой.
        Но англичане принимают всё с чувством юмора. Вы можете обидеть их, если скажете, что у них нет чувства юмора.
       Люди на континенте говорят вам либо правду, либо ложь, в Англии очень редко врут, но и правду тоже редко говорят.
       По воскресеньям на континенте даже самый бедный человек надевает свою лучшую одежду и пытается красиво и представительно выглядеть. В Англии даже самый богатый человек одевается в старую одежду и не бреется.
      Многие жители континента считают, что жизнь это игра; англичане считают, что крикет игра. На континенте хорошая еда. В Англии хорошие манеры за столом.
The writer of the text has got a sense of humour.
Манеры за столом:
Вы должны сидеть прямо.
Вы не должны есть пальцами.
Вы не должны класть руки на стол.
Вы должны класть грязные нож, ложку и вилку на тарелку.
Вы не должны говорить с набитым ртом.
Вы не должны облизывать пальцы.
Вы должны говорить спасибо после еды.
18.
In England if you don't repeat the phrase «It's a nice day today, isn't it?» two hundred times a day people are surprised and think that you are very dull.
In England (the country is really hard to understand) they appear on Sunday.
In England cats are very special animals. Everyone loves them and takes care of them.
In England only those who doesn't know some writers or who haven't read them do it.
But the English take everything with a sense of humour.
In England they hardly ever lie, but they don't tell you the truth either.
In England even the richest man dresses in some old clothes and doesn't shave.
The English think cricket is a game.
In England people have good table manners.
19.
Grandmother Loo tells Tom not to lick his fingers.
Grandmother Loo tells Alice to put her dirty spoon and fork on her plate.
Grandmother Loo tells Bob not to lick his knife.
Grandmother Loo tells John to sit up strait.
Grandmother Loo tells Jane not to eat with her fingers.
20.
In Britain they speak much about weather but on the continent people speak about weather only if they have nothing to discuss. In Britain they all love cats and take care of them. On the continent Sunday newspapers come out on Monday but in England they come out on Sunday. On the continent people like to put on their best clothes but in England they don't; they even don't shave on Sunday. People on the continent think that life is a game but in England they think that cricket is a game.
21.
In England they have good table manners. They don't put their elbows on the table. They never talk with their mouths full. They know how to use forks and knives.
22.
I think that in Russia we have the same table manners and all over Europe people have the same table manners.
23
1. You should sit up strait.
2. You shouldn't eat with your fingers.
3. You shouldn't put your elbows on the table.
4. You should put your dirty knife, fork, spoon on your plate.
5. You shouldn't talk with your mouth full.
6. You shouldn't lick your fingers.
7. You should say «Thank you» after the meal.
26.
In England people often speak about weather.
In England Sunday papers appear on Sunday.
In England everybody loves cats and takes care of them.
In England only those who don't know or who haven't read Greek and Latin writers quote them.
27.
politeness, neatness, thoughtfulness, punctuality




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